Impregnation

In 2014 we started impregnating wood with an impregnation machine “SCHOLZ”

Pressure/Vacuum –Impregnation PL.

For chemical treatment of the wood we use environment-friendly impregnating liquid CELCURE C4, which is made in Sweden and does not contain harmful chrome and arsenic additions.

The wood impregnation process is fully automated in a closed vacuum autoclave. The size of the autoclave is 14 m (length) and 1.8 m (diameter); work pressure is 14 bar.

Wood treated like this will last considerably longer – for up to 20 years, although it depends on the type of tree, degree of drying and chemical treatment class. The impregnated wood can be used for building construction, terraces, wooden fences, bank reinforcement and in other places, where there is a contact with moisture and water, which results in faster wood deterioration and decay.

The vacuum pressure treatment is done in a special autoclave, where the following processes occur:

Vakuma spiediena apstrāde notiek speciāla autoklāvā, kurā noris šādi procesi:

Spruce wood and pine wood are very different from each other in terms of composition; therefore, the impregnation result for these types of wood also differ, as well as the possibility to impregnate them.

Pine, depending on the moisture level, can absorb the protective liquid through all of the sapwood part reaching the core, whereas, for spruce, depending on the moisture level, it is possible to permeate the protective liquid into the wood 2-5 mm deep. Respectively, the lifespan differs significantly. 

Impregnation classes

The result of the impregnation can be affected by various factors, for example, type of tree, moisture and the impregnation process itself. Therefore, there are several treatment classes, from which we only use the 3rd and 4th class:

3rd class – UC3

4th class – UC4

In order to ensure lifespan of up to 20 years, the poles that are used for pasture grounds, fences, bank reinforcements or for other similar things, need to be impregnated with the 4th treatment class. To impregnate the poles with the 4th class and get a high-quality result, the following conditions have to be met:

Wood drying

There are two drying chambers with a power of 110 m3 operating in the company. The drying process is fully automated and is remotely controlled with an electric remote.